This book is a collection of research related to the applications of Earth Observation System (EOS) and the remote sensing. The application of remote sensing technique remains remain vital in today’s scientific community, especially in earth observation studies, carried out with space borne and air-borne instrument. During the last few decades, we have been quite successful in taking advantage of the science and observations afforded by satellites to make spectacular societal impacts. Most of the authors are geospatialist, engineers, technological scientist and researchers, therefore the topics in this book relate of the applications earth observation system, remote sensing, satellite and climate data in supporting Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) agendas. This book will be beneficial for passionate readers including students, researchers as well as environmentalist.